What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Plaque is the sticky, colorless film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth and surfaces of the mouth. Good oral hygiene - brushing and flossing regularly - helps reduce the plaque film. However, if not removed regularly, plaque can harden into rough porous deposits called calculus, or tartar. Tartar does not actually cause periodontal disease but its pores provide an ideal environment to allow the rapid growth of bacteria and plaque. Once tartar forms, it is impossible to remove at home with regular brushing. The only way to remove it is with treatment by a dental professional.