Have you ever noticed blood in the sink after brushing your teeth? Or maybe your gums are sore and swollen and you are just not sure why. Do your teeth seem to be shifting or are becoming loose? This could be a sign of gum disease. Gum disease has been shown to raise your risk of diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, pneumonia, and cancer. For these reasons, early detection is best, but you might have several questions, including: What is gum disease? What are gum disease symptoms? Can it be treated?
The early stages of gum disease can go unnoticed and is usually first found by your dentist. If you suspect you have gum disease or have any questions or concerns, you should contact your dentist as soon as possible.
Types of Gum Disease
Gum disease is an infection in your gums that can potentially damage the gums around your teeth and destroy the jawbone. This is usually caused by poor oral hygiene. There are generally two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. Symptoms include swollen or inflamed gums, receding gums, or gums that are tender or that bleed easily, and halitosis, or bad breath. Gingivitis can usually be managed and cured with the regular brushing and flossing of your teeth.
Periodontitis is a more severe type of gum disease and is caused by bacteria that has been allowed to accumulate on your teeth and gums. The symptoms are like those of gingivitis but may also include loose teeth or teeth that have changed positions, pain when chewing, or a foul taste in your mouth. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should consider making an appointment with your dentist right away.
Treatments and Prevention
Luckily, there are treatment options available depending upon the severity of the disease. These include:
· Self-care – Brushing and flossing regularly – the early stages of gingivitis and the onset of periodontitis can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene care.
· Medications – Topical antiseptic, penicillin, and antibiotics – an over-the-counter topical antiseptic can be used to manage the pain, but a doctor may prescribe medications to reduce inflammation and manage the infection.
· Medical Procedure – Removal of unhealthy tissue – A root canal or other medical procedure may be necessary to remove the unhealthy tissue from your teeth and gums.
· Surgery – Gingivoplasty or Gingivectomy – Gingivoplasty eliminated periodontal pockets while reshaping the gum tissue around the teeth. A gingivectomy is done to cut away parts of the gums that have pulled away from the teeth, creating deep pockets. This is typically done before the gum disease can do harm to the bone supporting the teeth.
Here at Flower Dental in Carrollton, Texas, we want you to be able to smile, speak, and chew with confidence and ease. We do this by using advanced techniques and cutting-edge technology, the highest quality of materials, and exceptional dental solutions for every patient. Call us today to schedule an appointment.